While Gérald Darmanin announced, on Sunday February 11 in Mayotte, a constitutional revision intended to eliminate land law in the Indian Ocean archipelago, political reactions are increasing.
The far right welcomed this announcement, while believing that it should not be confined to Mayotte. “Why don’t all French people deserve what the Mahorais deserve? Land rights must be abolished throughout the national territory! »exclaimed on the social network the president of the Reconquest! party, Eric Zemmour.
Guest on BFM-TVMarion Maréchal was delighted on “finally take into account the need to abolish land rights in Mayotte”while regretting that he does not extend this measure “to the entire French territory”. “What the Mahorais are experiencing today, the metropolis will experience in a few years! », writes the granddaughter of Jean-Marie Le Pen, who will lead the list of the Reconquest party! for the European election of June 2024.
On CNewsNicolas Dupont-Aignan, president of Debout la France, judged that “the situation in Mayotte is not only linked to land law, it is linked to the resignation of the State on our borders, to the presence of pro-migrant associations financed by the State”claiming “a referendum on the end of land law for all of France ».
” Finally ! », rejoice the Republicans
Greeting “strong announcements”the Les Républicains (LR) deputy for Mayotte Mansour Kamardine requested that the abolition of land rights in Mayotte be included in the draft constitutional law on New Caledonia, the examination of which will begin next month in Parliament.
” FINALLY ! On the island, 50% of the inhabitants are foreigners. Our proposed constitutional law has provided for this for a year”, rejoiced the president of the Republicans, Eric Ciotti, thanking Mr. Kamardine for “his work for the Mahorais”.
“We had tightened the land law during the “immigration” law when the government had not planned it and of course the Constitutional Council censored it. In short, as soon as a law has been promulgated, new measures are already needed! This run-of-the-mill policy is powerless to really solve the problems”, reacted Bruno Retailleau, president of the LR group in the Senate.
For the left, it is “the end of the right of the ground”
On the left, the Socialist Party (PS) will oppose this revision of the Constitution, announced the boss of its deputies, Boris Vallaud, on France 3. “Will the constitutional revision of land law change anything in the situation in Mayotte? »he asked. “I don’t believe it, that’s why I am not in favor of revising the land law in Mayotte, which is already under the influence of a legal regime which is much more severe for obtaining French nationality than all the rest from France “he stressed. “Soil rights are not negotiable”he insisted.
” Policy “
Every week, “Le Monde” analyzes current political issues for you
The environmentalist deputy Aurélien Taché denounced on BFM-TV “the door open to the end of land law in our country”. “Why would a common law department of the French Republic have a different law applied to it than the other departments? I’m worried about the Pandora’s box this may open; If Marine Le Pen is elected, she will abolish land law”he lamented on.
“Darmanin announces the end of land rights in Mayotte, and the far right applauds this new ideological victory. After breaking the taboo of national preference, Macronie attacks the very concept of nationality, the foundation of the Republic. And they still dare to present themselves in the jump-off? », rebelled MEP Manon Aubry, head of the list of La France insoumise in the European elections.
The environmentalist MEP, head of the list of Ecologists for the Europeans, Marie Toussaint estimated on his side that “ending land rights in Mayotte will not resolve the territory’s difficulties, but it will damage our Republic. The demolition of our values by a President of the Republic who is ahead of the far right is a terrible setback. »
How does land law work in Mayotte? Understand in three minutes
How do you become French? There are several possibilities, including having at least one French parent. It is the right of blood. But there is also the right of soil, which allows a child born on French territory to acquire French nationality under certain conditions.
It depends on the nationality of the parents, their place of birth or even the time a child spent in France before reaching the age of majority. And this applies to the entire territory… except Mayotte. The Indian Ocean archipelago, which is also 101e French department, is governed by stricter rules. In this video we will see which ones. For a child to be recognized as French, his parents must have been legally resident in France at the time of his birth. And the government recently announced that it wanted to tighten these rules further in 2024.
Mayotte has experienced strong immigration for several years, mainly from the neighboring archipelago of the Comoros. To deter irregular immigration, there are numerous legal exceptions in Mayotte, particularly in social matters and the rights of foreigners. Questions which crystallize the discontent of part of the population. To find out more on the subject, we refer you to the decryption below.
“Understand in three minutes”
The explanatory videos that make up the “Understand in three minutes” series are produced by the Vertical Videos department of the World. Broadcast primarily on platforms such as TikTok, Snapchat, Instagram and Facebook, they aim to put major events into context in a short format and make the news accessible to everyone.